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An Overview of Citizens’ Fundamental Rights: Challenges and Opportunities

Despite a range of inconsistencies and linguistic inadequacies, the 2004 Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (IRoA) is a major step forward in establishing the fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens. This constitutional law codifies such fundamental rights of Read More

Separation of Powers under the Afghan Constitution: A Case Study

The separation of power under the Afghan Constitution suffers from flaws, both on paper and in practice. Power is firmly tilted in favor of the executive, at the expense of the judiciary and the legislature. The no-confidence vote against the Read More

“From Bad They Made It Worse” The concentration of opium poppy in areas of conflict in the provinces of Helmand and Nangarhar

Levels of drug crop cultivation have long been seen as an indicator of the success or failure of counternarcotics efforts. However, to rely on this indicator is to misunderstand the socioeconomic and political processes that support farmers moving out of Read More

Adjudication Election Complaints: Afghanistan and the perils of Unconstitutionalism

The Constitution of Afghanistan guarantees the rights of its citizens to elect and be elected, and provides for the establishment of an Independent Election Commission (IEC) to administer and supervise elections in the country. However, the Constitution does not stipulate Read More

How do labour programmes contributes to social inclusion in Afghanistan?

This study adopts a social exclusion lens to analyse the effects of BRAC’s life skills education and livelihoods trainings for young women in Afghanistan and tests assumptions about the role labour programmes can play in contributing to social inclusion. It Read More

Evolving Terrain: Opium Poppy Cultivation in Balkh and Badakhshan Provinces in 2013

It is generally assumed that there will be significant increases in the level of opium poppy cultivation after the critical year 2014, when international military combat forces will withdraw and Afghanistan will select its next president. In 2012-13, at the Read More

Water rights and conflict resolution processes in Afghanistan: The case of the Sar-i-Pul sub-basin

Over the past decade, research in Afghanistan has paid a great deal of attention to justice and dispute resolution processes related to civil and criminal issues. However, studies dealing with water-related conflicts have been extremely limited. This research is an Read More

Women’s Economic Empowerment in Afghanistan, 2002 – 2012 ‘Situational Analysis’

In the recent socio-economic culture of Afghanistan, as in most countries since the industrial revolution’s introduction of the artificial division between production and reproduction, women’s participation in the labour economy, whether productive or reproductive, has been invisible and unaccounted for Read More

Women’s Economic Empowerment in Afghanistan 2002-2012 ‘Information Mapping’

In the recent socio-economic culture of Afghanistan, as in most countries since the industrial revolution’s introduction of the artificial division between production and reproduction, women’s participation in the labour economy, whether productive or reproductive, has been invisible and unaccounted for Read More

A Little Bit Poppy-free and a Little Bit Eradicated: Opium poppy cultivation in Balkh and Badakhshan Provinces in 2011-2012

This Case Study is based on field research carried out in May 2012 which focused on individual household decision-making and the economic, social, and political contexts in which those decisions are made, placing opium poppy cultivation in the broader livelihoods, Read More