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Despair or Hope: Rural Livelihoods and Opium Poppy Dynamics in Afghanistan

AREU conducted field research in Badakhshan, Balkh, Helmand and Nangarhar Provinces during the three agricultural years from 2010-11 to 2012-13, to explore the dynamics of opium poppy cultivation: the history of government policies and programmes and the ways in which Read More

How do social protection and labour programmes contribute to social inclusion ?

Discussions around the post-2015 development goals and the proposed ‘leave no-one behind’ principle have revived global interest in inequality and the role of social protection in promoting social inclusion. The growing body of evidence on rising inequality and persistent structural Read More

Women’s Economic Empowerment in Afghanistan, 2002-2012: Information Mapping and Situational Analysis

In the recent socio-economic culture of Afghanistan, as in most countries since the industrial revolution’s introduction of the artificial division between production and reproduction, women’s participation in the labour economy, whether productive or reproductive, has been invisible and unaccounted for Read More

Equal Rights, Unequal Opportunities: Women’s Participation in Afghanistan’s Parliamentary and Provincial Council Elections

The establishment of a democratic system under Afghanistan’s 2004 constitution has without doubt led to an unprecedented expansion of political participation for its women. In the years that have followed, millions of women have turned out to vote in successive Read More

Healing the Legacies of Conflict in Afghanistan: Community Voices on Justice, Peace and Reconciliation

This paper synthesises the findings from AREU’s Legacies of Conflect research project from across the Bamiyan, Ghazni and Kabul research sites, in search of broadly acceptable approaches to address the legacies of conflict and support reconciliation in the country. It Read More

Local Governances in Afghanistan: A View from the Ground

Read the report’s Executive Summary.

Local Governances in Afghanistan: A View from the Ground

This report finds that insufficient attention has been given to local governance in Afghanistan, despite the fact that most Afghan citizens encounter the state in provinces and districts. This neglect is inhibiting the significant efforts made in Kabul from having Read More

Deconstructing “Democracy” in Afghanistan

Despite widespread concerns about fraud, foreign interference and ineffectiveness, there remains a clear appetite among many Afghans for a system of democratic representation. However, this must be centred firmly around their own priorities if it is to take lasting root. Read More

Running out of Options: Tracing Rural Afghan Livelihoods

In 2002-03, AREU documented the livelihoods of dozens of households across rural Afghanistan. When research teams revisited a selection of these families in 2008-09, they found the majority worse off than before, with many struggling to meet even the most Read More

Means to What End? Policymaking and State-Building in Afghanistan

Afghanistan has been in “state-building” mode since 2001, and formal policymaking has been an important tool for focusing and coordinating the efforts of the Afghan government and its international supporters. This synthesis paper considers the role that high-level policymaking has Read More