Evolution of the Executive Branch in Afghanistan: A Look Back and Recommendations on the Way Forward

After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Afghan leaders gathered to build the framework for a new democratic government for Afghanistan. At the Bonn Conference, a plan was put in place to draft and adopt a new Constitution in Read More

Judicial Review in Afghanistan: A Flawed Practice

Judicial review is the power of a court, or a similar institution, to review and decide on the constitutionality of laws and public acts. Though Marbury v. Madison marks the beginning of this practice in the US, the scope of Read More

Evolution of the Executive Branch in Afghanistan: A Look Back and Recommendations on the Way Forward

The findings of this paper show that legitimate change in the political system of Afghanistan will require an amended Constitution. The authority to amend the Constitution of Afghanistan has been given to the Loya Jirga in Article 111 of the Read More

Review of Functions of Government Agencies in Afghanistan

The Government of Afghanistan is characterised by its extensive horizontal and vertical admi nistrative structures, which have grown over the time, following various political principles dating back to at least the 1950s and 1960s, with extremely varying ideologies and behaviours. Read More

Water Sector Reforms and Agricultural Productivity in Afghanistan

The implementation of the IWRM guided reforms agenda remained mostly on paper. It has not been completed in any of the river basins. The implementation has remained very slow and the agenda has been put into practice on a small Read More

Review of Functions in Government Agencies in Afghanistan

For the past 15 years, the Afghan government, along with its international counterparts and donors, has struggled with efforts of state building and commencing the process of development and rehabilitation. Certainly, a precondition for this included the establishment of a Read More

Women in Agriculture in Afghanistan

The greater recognition of women’s intensive participation in the agriculture and labour economies across the globe has been the subject of discussion and policy review in many countries around the world, including Afghanistan. This briefing paper looks at some of Read More

The Impacts of Water Sector Reforms on Agricultural Productivity in Afghanistan

In 2009, Afghanistan enacted its Water Law based on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) principles and aimed at making agriculture a more dynamic driver of the national economy. Though the sector has huge potential for contributing to sustainable development, its Read More

Mapping nomad-farmer conflict in Afghanistan

In December 2016, the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) launched a European Union-funded project, ‘A three-pronged research effort into essential areas of Natural Resource Management (NRM), Food Zone policy, ground water, and the shifting interests of stakeholders in the Read More

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF) – Afghanistan

The Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF), developed by the World Bank in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organisation, International Fund for Agricultural Development, International Food Policy Research Institute, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN Habitat), the African Union, and Read More