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Afghanistan Livelihood Trajectories

Founder(s): ESRC
Status: Completed
Publications from this research project:

Rethinking Rural Poverty Reduction in Afghanistan

This policy note draws on the findings of AREU’s Afghanistan Livelihood Trajectories project. It calls for a re-examination of poverty reduction strategy in Afghanistan as donor and government priorities shift in anticipation of the 2014 transition process. Outlining some of Read More

Beyond the Market: Can the AREDP transform Afghanistan’s rural nonfarm economy?

The recently-launched Afghanistan Rural Enterprise Development Program (AREDP) was set up as a mechanism to promote rural employment and reduce poverty through market-led growth. However, the limitations of both agriculture and opportunities away from the farm as a path to Read More

Running out of Options: Tracing Rural Afghan Livelihoods

In 2002-03, AREU documented the livelihoods of dozens of households across rural Afghanistan. When research teams revisited a selection of these families in 2008-09, they found the majority worse off than before, with many struggling to meet even the most Read More

Understanding and Addressing Context in Afghanistan: How Villages Differ and Why

This paper explores how geography, politics, and history conspire to shape the individual character of Afghan villages. Broader regional identities—central or peripheral, mountain or plain—are overlaid onto local factors such as wealth distribution and ethnic diversity to produce individual “village Read More

Securing Life and Livelihoods in Rural Afghanistan: The Role of Social Relationships

This paper examines how rural households’ position in the web of social relationships that underpins Afghan village life can have a defining effect on their livelihoods. These can vary from charitable relations and informal exchanges of credit—in some cases stretched Read More

Decline and Stagnation: Why Rural Afghans are Staying Poor

Paula Kantor outlines some of the findings of AREU’s Afghanistan Livelihood Trajectories project, highlighting how rural livelihoods for many rural Afghans are getting worse because of cost shocks related to failed harvests, healthcare spending and marriage practices.

Poverty in Afghan Policy: Enhancing Solutions through Better Defining the Problem

Over the past few years, Afghan policymakers have put aside strategies encouraging pro-poor growth in favour of solutions that focus on expanding GDP. In addition, existing solutions to poverty are becoming increasingly technically-oriented and fail to take local social realities Read More

Afghanistan Livelihood Trajectories: Evidence from Faryab

This is the Faryab case study from the Afghanistan Livelihood Trajectories project, which explored rural livelihood change in four provinces of Afghanistan. The paper finds notable deterioration in the livelihood security of the three study villages, each with a dominant Read More

Afghanistan Livelihood Trajectories: Evidence from Sar-i-Pul

The Sar-i-Pul case study from the Afghanistan Livelihood Trajectories (ALT) project, which explored rural livelihood change in four provinces of Afghanistan. The study built on a baseline research study conducted by AREU in 2002-3, providing a unique opportunity to follow Read More

Afghanistan Livelihood Trajectories: Evidence from Kandahar

This Kandahar case study is part of the Afghanistan Livelihood Trajectories (ALT) project, which explored rural livelihood change in four provinces of Afghanistan: Badakhshan, Kandahar, Faryab and Sar-i-Pul. The study built on a baseline research project conducted by the AREU Read More

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