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Paradigms driving the water sector reform: a mismatch between Afghanistan and the West: a mismatch between Afghanistan and the West

This paper aims at identifying, analysing and discussing the common thread among the AREU research papers on water governance. In doing so, it engages in a reflection on the mismatch between the Water Management Paradigms imported in Afghanistan by the Read More

Life in the times of ‘late development’: Livelihood trajectories in Afghanistan, 2016-2002

Since 2002, over three rounds of study, the fortunes of a small panel of rural case households in diverse locations in Afghanistan have been tracked over time. The evidence that has been collected offers a unique, deep and longitudinal insight Read More

Livelihood trajectories in Afghanistan: Evidence from three villages in Herat Province

Poverty levels in Afghanistan have remained largely unchanged despite considerable international investment. This report examines the underlying reasons, drawing on a longitudinal study – ongoing since 2003 – of households in three villages in the Pashtun Zarghun district of Heart.

Time to Move on-Developing an Informed Development Response to Opium Poppy Cultivation in Afghanistan

After almost 15 years since the fall of the Taliban, the policy discussion on counternarcotics remains uncertain of which way to proceed. In large part, this is because policy discussion is shaped by a superficial or misguided understanding of opium Read More

Saffron: The social relations of production

Saffron is promoted in Afghanistan as a legal alternative to opium growing and for its potential to generate job opportunities, especially for women. But has it succeeded in creating growth and transforming women’s lives?

A Balancing Act for Extractive Sector Governance

The first issue paper which is presented to the public in June 2016 concerns mining governance. Afghanistan is estimated to hold 1 to 3 trillion USD in untapped mineral deposits, ranging from lootable ones (such as gems, marble, gold, coal, Read More

Moving with the Times: How Opium Poppy Cultivation has Adapted to the Changing Environment in Afghanistan

This “watching brief” has described a number of trends with respect to agriculture, land settlement, and opium poppy in several areas of Afghanistan. It highlights two separate but highly related issues. First, what will be farmers’ response to changes in Read More

Developing transboundary water: What perspectives for cooperation between Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan?

Since the fall of the Taliban, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) has been actively trying to resume its hydraulic mission that was put on hold in the late 1970s. Improving water control through the construction of Read More

A State Built on Sand: How Opium Undermined Afghanistan

A State Built on Sand: How Opium Undermined Afghanistan by renowned author, David Mansfield, examines why drug control has been imposed in Afghanistan and portrays an intimate understanding of rural Afghanistan, where he has worked for close to two decades. Read More

Briefing Note on Fieldwork in Kandahar Province, December 2015 – January 2016: Opium Poppy and Rural Livelihoods

This briefing note provides initial observations from fieldwork conducted between 14 December 2015 and 8 January 2016 in ten field sites within Arghandab, Panjwai, and Zharai Districts of Kandahar Province. In 2014/15, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs Read More