Truly Unprecedented: How the Helmand Food Zone supported an increase in the province’s capacity to produce opium

The goal of the Helmand Food Zone (HFZ) was to bring about a rapid and significant reduction in opium poppy cultivation. It was funded directly by the UK and US governments to the tune of between US$12 and $18 million Read More

Stakeholder perceptions of agriculture and nutrition policies and practice: A policy brief for Afghanistan

While there are multiple causes of malnutrition, undernutrition and lack of dietary diversity point to micronutrient deficiencies rather than generalised food insecurity. A crucial policy question is: what are the pathways and incentives needed to ensure that agriculture can have Read More

Understanding rural markets in Afghanistan

This briefing paper draws on findings from research on Afghan agricultural commodity markets and rural and urban labour markets. The studies explored how people navigate and negotiate their economic life. They were based on market system and value chain approaches Read More

Understanding Control and Influence: What Opium Poppy and Tax Reveal about the Writ of the Afghan State

There are a number of organisations that have sought to map government control in Afghanistan.1 However, given the frequency it is cited in the media and official reports, this paper offers a critique of the current way that North Atlantic Read More

Judicial Review in Afghanistan: A Flawed Practice

Afghanistan’s Constitution of 2004 embodies more mechanisms of checks and balances compared to its predecessors. Among others, it embraces judicial review, a key element of constitutionalism and rule of law, and an entrenched component of modern constitutions. Under the Constitution, Read More

Evolution of the Executive Branch in Afghanistan: A Look Back and Recommendations on the Way Forward

After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Afghan leaders gathered to build the framework for a new democratic government for Afghanistan. At the Bonn Conference, a plan was put in place to draft and adopt a new Constitution in Read More

Judicial Review in Afghanistan: A Flawed Practice

Judicial review is the power of a court, or a similar institution, to review and decide on the constitutionality of laws and public acts. Though Marbury v. Madison marks the beginning of this practice in the US, the scope of Read More

Evolution of the Executive Branch in Afghanistan: A Look Back and Recommendations on the Way Forward

The findings of this paper show that legitimate change in the political system of Afghanistan will require an amended Constitution. The authority to amend the Constitution of Afghanistan has been given to the Loya Jirga in Article 111 of the Read More

AREU’s Message on Nancy H.Dupree’s Death

It is with great sadness that we must say that Afghanistan has lost a dedicated and generous friend. And we, in the nation’s research family, have lost a friend and a colleague. Nancy Hutch Dupree was a scholar, an anthropologist Read More

Review of Functions of Government Agencies in Afghanistan

The Government of Afghanistan is characterised by its extensive horizontal and vertical admi nistrative structures, which have grown over the time, following various political principles dating back to at least the 1950s and 1960s, with extremely varying ideologies and behaviours. Read More