Ten Years of the Constitution

AREU recently completed the “Afghan Constitutional Analysis and Dialogues” Project, the first major study reflecting on a decade of the 2004 Constitution. The project examined the status and evolution of constitutional and legal debates ten years after the adoption of

Politics and governance in Afghanistan: the case of Nangarhar province

Afghanistan’s government is often described as fragmented and fragile. In many instances, the central government is viewed as failing to function effectively, particularly beyond the capital. This does not mean that there is disorder at the regional or provincial level.

Labour markets, social inequality and the tailors of Kabul

This study is about understanding how labour markets actually work in insecure and dynamic contexts. It does so through an analysis of the experiences of young women and men working in the tailoring sector of Kabul, Afghanistan. Tailoring employs more

The informal regulation of the onion market in Nangarhar, Afghanistan

This study on the onion market investigates how one agricultural commodity market works and the ways in which social relationships govern access to the market in terms of information, credit , trading costs, returns and risks. As becomes clear there

Why do children undertake the unaccompanied journey?

The issue of children undertaking unaccompanied journeys abroad has been the focus of increasing attention, in light of the significant numbers of unaccompanied children arriving in Europe and the child protection concerns raised by this risky, and often irregular, travel.

Public Lecture and Open Discussion “The Afghan National Army: Sustainability Challenges beyond Financial Aspects”

On 18 November AREU researcher, Dr. Antonio Giustozzi, recently gave a lecture on the condition of Afghanistan security forces, in particular Afghan National Army. The lecture was focused on a recent AREU research titled “The Afghan National Army: Sustainability Challenges

The social life of the onion: the informal regulation of the onion market in Nangarhar, Afghanistan

Within Afghanistan’s agricultural economy, there are many obstacles that cross-cut social, economic, and political trajectories to keep rural livelihoods constrained. A recent development programme, the Comprehensive Agriculture and Rural Development Facility (CARD-F), which aims to lift farmers from poverty, has

The Dilemma of Women and Leadership in Afghanistan: Lessons and Recommendations

Afghanistan is a rural, patriarchal, traditional and religious society. At almost all levels, decision-making dynamics are top-down and largely informal. Identity is shaped by factors such as ethnicity, social privilege, financial assets, or by one’s authority—formal or informal—the source of

Despair or Hope: Rural Livelihoods and Opium Poppy Dynamics in Afghanistan

AREU conducted field research in Badakhshan, Balkh, Helmand and Nangarhar Provinces during the three agricultural years from 2010-11 to 2012-13, to explore the dynamics of opium poppy cultivation: the history of government policies and programmes and the ways in which

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium Afghanistan Research Programme

Decades worth of attempts to engineer a social transformation in Afghanistan from its existing social order to one more reflective of Western norms have largely failed to take root and have often helped consolidate a rule ofpatronage and personalized relationships.