Public Lecture and Open Discussion “The Afghan National Army: Sustainability Challenges beyond Financial Aspects”

On 18 November AREU researcher, Dr. Antonio Giustozzi, recently gave a lecture on the condition of Afghanistan security forces, in particular Afghan National Army. The lecture was focused on a recent AREU research titled “The Afghan National Army: Sustainability Challenges Read More

The Dilemma of Women and Leadership in Afghanistan: Lessons and Recommendations

Afghanistan is a rural, patriarchal, traditional and religious society. At almost all levels, decision-making dynamics are top-down and largely informal. Identity is shaped by factors such as ethnicity, social privilege, financial assets, or by one’s authority—formal or informal—the source of Read More

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium Afghanistan Research Programme

Decades worth of attempts to engineer a social transformation in Afghanistan from its existing social order to one more reflective of Western norms have largely failed to take root and have often helped consolidate a rule ofpatronage and personalized relationships.

Despair or Hope: Rural Livelihoods and Opium Poppy Dynamics in Afghanistan

AREU conducted field research in Badakhshan, Balkh, Helmand and Nangarhar Provinces during the three agricultural years from 2010-11 to 2012-13, to explore the dynamics of opium poppy cultivation: the history of government policies and programmes and the ways in which Read More

The state of electoral dispute mechanisms in Afghanistan

In 2010 Afghanistan faced an unprecedented situation where despite having two bodies to address electoral irregularities, the executive created an extra-constitutional measure to adjudicate electoral complaints. Ambiguities in the legal framework and unexpected electoral results in Ghazni province prompted a Read More

Afghanistan’s Constitution Ten Years On: What Are the Issues?

January 2014 marks the tenth anniversary of the current constitution of Afghanistan. Issues have arisen since then over textual ambiguities in the constitution as well as the locus of authority that can address and clarify them. Ambiguities are not unexpected Read More

Unpacking the complexities of water conflicts resolution processes in Afghanistan

Over the past few decades, research in Afghanistan has paid a great deal of attention to justice and dispute resolution processes related to civil and criminal issues. However, studies focusing more specifically on water-related conflicts have been extremely limited and Read More

Gender, youth and urban labour market participation: evidence from the tailoring sector in Kabul, Afghanistan

The creation of good jobs and decent work in conflict-affected places is widely seen to generate not just better-off households, but also safer societies and more legitimate states. However, so much of the good jobs agenda is dominated by technical Read More

Despair or Hope? Opium Poppy Cultivation in post-2014 Afghanistan

Like so much else in Afghanistan, the direction that the opium economy takes after 2014 will depend on a complex matrix of factors.Those who despair point to the more than one-third increase in cultivation, with a new high in 2013. Read More

Politics and Governance in Afghanistan: the Case of Nangarhar Province

This paper seeks to explore regional political dynamics and governance being undertaken by the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit and the Overseas Development Institute as part of the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium. This research aims to look at subnational governance Read More