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Migration and Transnational Networks

Founder(s): UNHCR; EC; Stichting Vluchteling
Status: Completed

In November 2012, AREU started its latest research on migration, this time conerning children who face life-threatening risks as they travel to Europe or Australia from Afghanistan. The project aims to gain further knowledge on the specific circumstances and motivations leading Afghan children to engage in unaccompanied migration. It takes a comparative look at high-sending and low-sending communities as well as the ethnicity factor to inform future policy and strategic planning on the issue.
Using a qualitative research methodology, the research may also inform future information campaigns targeting Afghan children and their families and communities in the country of departure (Afghanistan, Iran, or Pakistan), which could be carried out in partnership with other organizations.
Outputs of this project are expected in summer 2013.

Publications from this research project:

Why do children undertake the unaccompanied journey?

The issue of children undertaking unaccompanied journeys abroad has been the focus of increasing attention, in light of the significant numbers of unaccompanied children arriving in Europe and the child protection concerns raised by this risky, and often irregular, travel.

Searching for My Homeland: Dilemmas Between Borders – Experiences of Young Afghans Returning “Home” from Pakistan and Iran

Read the report’s executive summary.

Searching for My Homeland: Dilemmas Between Borders – Experiences of Young Afghans Returning “Home” from Pakistan and Iran

Many Afghan refugees are still living in Pakistan and Iran—the majority are in their second or even third generation of displacement. This study is based on interviews with 199 respondents and considers the complexities of deciding to return to one’s

Second-generation Afghans in Iran: Integration, Identity and Return

This Iran case study is one of two exploring the experiences of second-generation Afghans growing up in neighbouring countries. The research explored second-generation experiences of education, employment and social networks from the perspective of integration. It also examined the self

Second Generation Afghans in Neighbouring Countries: From Mohajer to Hamwatan − Afghans Return Home

This case study explores the complex process of reintegration, illustrating the difficulties faced by a sample of Afghan youth and young adults now living in urban and rural areas in Kabul, Herat and Baghlan provinces who have come back with

To Return or to Remain: The Dilemma of Second-Generation Afghans in Pakistan

This case study focuses on second-generation Afghans in Pakistan.

Afghan Transnational Networks: Looking Beyond Repatriation

This is the final publication of AREU’s long-term research project looking at Afghans’ transnational networks in Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan.

Continued Protection, Sustainable Reintegration: Afghan Refugees and Migrants in Iran

Focusing on Iran, this is the third briefing paper from AREU’s long-term research project looking at Afghans’ transnational networks in Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan.

600kAfghan Returnees from NWFP, Pakistan, to Nangarhar Province

Focusing on Afghan returnees from NWFP, Pakistan to Nangarhar Province, this is the last of nine case studies from this project.

Afghans in Peshawar: Migration, Settlements and Social Networks

This case study explored selected communities of Afghans living in Peshawar, covering dif- ferent ethnicities and phases of arrival. It looked at the livelihood strategies and support networks of Afghans who are living in Pakistan, but in this case in

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