Improving Efforts to Achieve Equitable Growth and Reduce Poverty

The poverty reduction agenda in Afghanistan has reached a critical stage. It continues to be at risk of being enacted in response to a simplistic and apolitical understanding of poverty as an individual material condition. It pays no attention to Read More

A Mapping Study: Institutional Mechanisms to Tackle Trafficking in Persons in Afghanistan

The international community, in partnership with the Afghan government, has devoted significant resources to combatting human trafficking in Afghanistan. This funding and attention has generated some significant gains, including the passing of new anti-trafficking legislation, the launch of awareness-raising campaigns, Read More

A Mapping Study: Institutional Mechanisms to Tackle Trafficking in Persons in Afghanistan

This policy note summarizes the findings of a Mapping Study conducted by the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) and the Security Governance Group (SGG) in 2015 and 2016. It presents recommendations for the Afghan government as well as for the Read More

Urban Safety: A Review of the Afghanistan Urban Peacebuilding Program

The notion of urban safety is relatively new in policy environment, off and on-budget municipal programing and administrative rules and practices in Afghanistan. The rapid urbanization of the last 16 years has generated specific vulnerabilities, exclusions and insecurities. The urban Read More

Typologies of nomad-settler conflict in Afghanistan

While conflict over boundaries and migration timetables is an old feature of nomad/farmer relations in Afghanistan, this on-going AREU project found that new types of conflict have emerged. Political parties, organisations and lobbies play a much greater role in Afghanistan Read More

The Assessment of EU Crisis Response in Afghanistan

The European Union with the Member States have been key donors for Afghanistan who have donated approximately EUR 8 billion for the period 2002-2010. With the collaboration of international partners, the EU took on a major role in the stabilisation Read More

DISEASE OR SYMPTOM? AFGHANISTAN’S BURGEONING OPIUM ECONOMY IN 2017

Regardless of the balance of costs and benefits, the opium economy is far from the “disease” at the heart of the story in Afghanistan, and must not be seen as the cause of the country’s problems. It is rather much Read More

Truly Unprecedented: How the Helmand Food Zone supported an increase in the province’s capacity to produce opium

The goal of the Helmand Food Zone (HFZ) was to bring about a rapid and significant reduction in opium poppy cultivation. It was funded directly by the UK and US governments to the tune of between US$12 and $18 million Read More

Stakeholder perceptions of agriculture and nutrition policies and practice: A policy brief for Afghanistan

While there are multiple causes of malnutrition, undernutrition and lack of dietary diversity point to micronutrient deficiencies rather than generalised food insecurity. A crucial policy question is: what are the pathways and incentives needed to ensure that agriculture can have Read More

Understanding rural markets in Afghanistan

This briefing paper draws on findings from research on Afghan agricultural commodity markets and rural and urban labour markets. The studies explored how people navigate and negotiate their economic life. They were based on market system and value chain approaches Read More