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The Role of the Afghan State in Managing Nomadism and Nomad-Settler Conflict

The paper discusses the role the state before the on-going series of wars in Afghanistan started in 1978. The main focus of the paper, however, is on the role of the Afghan state today in managing conflict between nomads and Read More

Typologies of nomad-settler conflict in Afghanistan

While conflict over boundaries and migration timetables is an old feature of nomad/farmer relations in Afghanistan, this on-going AREU project found that new types of conflict have emerged. Political parties, organisations and lobbies play a much greater role in Afghanistan Read More

Mapping nomad-farmer conflict in Afghanistan

In December 2016, the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) launched a European Union-funded project, ‘A three-pronged research effort into essential areas of Natural Resource Management (NRM), Food Zone policy, ground water, and the shifting interests of stakeholders in the Read More

The Afghan National Army After ISAF

The paper says that the withdrawal of ISAF mentors from the ANA affected the overall logistical capabilities, planning, procurement, equipment maintenance and the administration, which resulted in lesser mobility of the ANA forces, compared to that of the insurgents.

Reaching Boiling Point: High School Activism in Afghanistan

In 2010, an AREU study investigated university students and their political orientation. This current project instead focuses on state-imparted secondary education. The companion policy brief to this study, “The Politicisation of Afghanistan’s High Schools,” summarises the findings of the survey Read More

The Politicisation of Afghanistan’s High Schools

Political activism in Afghanistan’s high schools is not new. Already during the 1960s and 1970s, the country’s new political parties identified schools and universities as ideal recruitment grounds. The New Leftist and Islamist parties had significant numbers of teachers among Read More

The Afghan National Army:Sustainability Challenges beyond Financial Aspects

The ANA is commonly viewed as one of post-2001 Afghanistan’s strongest institutions,if not the strongest. However, with the imminent withdrawal of international forces,the ANA’s ability to stand on its own and successfully confront its enemies faces its firstmajor test. This Read More

The Resilient Oligopoly: A Political-Economy of Northern Afghanistan 2001 and Onwards

This paper studies the political and social dynamics of Northern Afghanistan, defined here as the provinces of Faryab, Jowzjan, Sar-i Pul, Balkh and Samangan, not just from the short-term perspective of political rivalry and personal competition, but also from the Read More

Thirty Years of Conflict: Drivers of Anti-Government Mobilisation in Afghanistan 1978-2011

This paper traces the structural factors driving anti-government mobilisation in Afghanistan in each successive phase of the country’s thirty years of conflicts. Drawing on extensive literature from both international and Afghan sources, it analyses the social and political factors behind Read More

Between Patronage and Rebellion: Student Politics in Afghanistan

Student politics in Afghanistan has not been the object of much scholarly attention, but we know that student politics in the 1960-70s had an important influence on the development of political parties, which in turn shaped Afghanistan’s entry into mass Read More