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No more standard programming: economic development in fragile settings

SLRC case studies on markets and economic life, along with parallel case studies on political settlements, find that the political and economic marketplaces in Afghanistan are deeply enmeshed, with powerful actors often playing key roles in both arenas. And although Read More

Women’s Economic Engagement in South Asia

The status of women’s labour force participation in the eight member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is still below the expectations of the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Afghanistan’s low ranking among these Read More

The rules of the game: Towards a theory of networks of access

The post-Taliban state-building process began earnestly and with great optimism at the Bonn conference in 2001. At Bonn, the international community brought together a carefully selected group of Afghan stakeholders and created a new vision for the country’s future, premised Read More

The Afghan National Army After ISAF

The paper says that the withdrawal of ISAF mentors from the ANA affected the overall logistical capabilities, planning, procurement, equipment maintenance and the administration, which resulted in lesser mobility of the ANA forces, compared to that of the insurgents.

The Politicisation of Afghanistan’s High Schools

Political activism in Afghanistan’s high schools is not new. Already during the 1960s and 1970s, the country’s new political parties identified schools and universities as ideal recruitment grounds. The New Leftist and Islamist parties had significant numbers of teachers among Read More

EYES WIDE SHUT: Counter-Narcotics in Transition

It is now clear that the production and trade of opiates will have a significant influence on not only the economic, political and security landscape, but even the physical terrain of post-Transition Afghanistan. Levels of opium poppy cultivation are already Read More

Land Governance at the Crossroads: A Review of Afghanistan’s Proposed New Land Management Law

Afghanistan’s longstanding Land Management Law, last revised in 2008, is again under review. More than 100 amendments had been formally proposed by mid-2012. So far the proposed changes are mainly editorial and do not reform problematic fundamentals of the law. Read More

Fixing Afghanistan’s Electoral System: Arguments and Options for Reform

Following Afghanistan’s deeply flawed parliamentary election in 2010, calls for electoral reform among both national and international actors have been steadily gaining momentum. One major focus of criticism has been the country’s use of the single non-transferable vote (SNTV) system, Read More

Beyond the Market: Can the AREDP transform Afghanistan’s rural nonfarm economy?

The recently-launched Afghanistan Rural Enterprise Development Program (AREDP) was set up as a mechanism to promote rural employment and reduce poverty through market-led growth. However, the limitations of both agriculture and opportunities away from the farm as a path to Read More

Undermining Representative Governance: Afghanistan’s 2010 Parliamentary Election and its Alienating Impact

Instead of bringing citizen and state closer together, the 2010 parliamentary election increased the distance between many Afghans and their government. “Undermining Representative Governance” details this finding, showing that a majority of research respondents are being alienated by a process Read More