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The Role of the Afghan State in Managing Nomadism and Nomad-Settler Conflict

The paper discusses the role the state before the on-going series of wars in Afghanistan started in 1978. The main focus of the paper, however, is on the role of the Afghan state today in managing conflict between nomads and Read More

A Study of Afghanistan’s Organization and Structure of Public Administration under the 2004 Constitution

System of public administration is one of the most important issues addressed under Afghanistan’s Constitution. Seven articles of Chapter Eight of 2004 Constitution lay down the basic structure and model of public administration in Afghanistan. However, study of organization of Read More

High and Dry: Poppy cultivation and the future of those that reside in the former desert areas of South West Afghanistan

The deserts of southwestern Afghanistan have been transformed. Land that was once dry and strewn with rocks, has been cleared, irrigated, and planted with crops by an influx of new settlers. The pace of the settlement of the former desert Read More

STIRRING UP THE HORNET’S NEST: How the Population of Rural Helmand view the current Counterinsurgency Campaign

Stirring Up the Hornet’s Nest, is critical to our understanding of the impact of opium poppy production in Afghanistan. The findings shared in this paper can bring much needed insight to development workers, civil society, and the Afghan government on Read More

STILL WATER RUNS DEEP: Illicit Poppy and the Transformation of the Deserts of Southwest Afghanistan

The physical and political geography of the deserts of southwest Afghanistan have gone through dramatic change over the last two decades. Located on the periphery of irrigated lands settled by the Afghan state in the 1950s and 1960s, this area Read More

A Mapping Study: Institutional Mechanisms to Tackle Trafficking in Persons in Afghanistan

The international community, in partnership with the Afghan government, has devoted significant resources to combatting human trafficking in Afghanistan. This funding and attention has generated some significant gains, including the passing of new anti-trafficking legislation, the launch of awareness-raising campaigns, Read More

Typologies of nomad-settler conflict in Afghanistan

While conflict over boundaries and migration timetables is an old feature of nomad/farmer relations in Afghanistan, this on-going AREU project found that new types of conflict have emerged. Political parties, organisations and lobbies play a much greater role in Afghanistan Read More

Truly Unprecedented: How the Helmand Food Zone supported an increase in the province’s capacity to produce opium

The goal of the Helmand Food Zone (HFZ) was to bring about a rapid and significant reduction in opium poppy cultivation. It was funded directly by the UK and US governments to the tune of between US$12 and $18 million Read More

Understanding Control and Influence: What Opium Poppy and Tax Reveal about the Writ of the Afghan State

There are a number of organisations that have sought to map government control in Afghanistan.1 However, given the frequency it is cited in the media and official reports, this paper offers a critique of the current way that North Atlantic Read More

Judicial Review in Afghanistan: A Flawed Practice

Judicial review is the power of a court, or a similar institution, to review and decide on the constitutionality of laws and public acts. Though Marbury v. Madison marks the beginning of this practice in the US, the scope of Read More