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STILL WATER RUNS DEEP: Illicit Poppy and the Transformation of the Deserts of Southwest Afghanistan

The physical and political geography of the deserts of southwest Afghanistan have gone through dramatic change over the last two decades. Located on the periphery of irrigated lands settled by the Afghan state in the 1950s and 1960s, this area Read More

A Mapping Study: Institutional Mechanisms to Tackle Trafficking in Persons in Afghanistan

The international community, in partnership with the Afghan government, has devoted significant resources to combatting human trafficking in Afghanistan. This funding and attention has generated some significant gains, including the passing of new anti-trafficking legislation, the launch of awareness-raising campaigns, Read More

Typologies of nomad-settler conflict in Afghanistan

While conflict over boundaries and migration timetables is an old feature of nomad/farmer relations in Afghanistan, this on-going AREU project found that new types of conflict have emerged. Political parties, organisations and lobbies play a much greater role in Afghanistan Read More

Truly Unprecedented: How the Helmand Food Zone supported an increase in the province’s capacity to produce opium

The goal of the Helmand Food Zone (HFZ) was to bring about a rapid and significant reduction in opium poppy cultivation. It was funded directly by the UK and US governments to the tune of between US$12 and $18 million Read More

Understanding Control and Influence: What Opium Poppy and Tax Reveal about the Writ of the Afghan State

There are a number of organisations that have sought to map government control in Afghanistan.1 However, given the frequency it is cited in the media and official reports, this paper offers a critique of the current way that North Atlantic Read More

Judicial Review in Afghanistan: A Flawed Practice

Judicial review is the power of a court, or a similar institution, to review and decide on the constitutionality of laws and public acts. Though Marbury v. Madison marks the beginning of this practice in the US, the scope of Read More

Evolution of the Executive Branch in Afghanistan: A Look Back and Recommendations on the Way Forward

The findings of this paper show that legitimate change in the political system of Afghanistan will require an amended Constitution. The authority to amend the Constitution of Afghanistan has been given to the Loya Jirga in Article 111 of the Read More

Review of Functions of Government Agencies in Afghanistan

The Government of Afghanistan is characterised by its extensive horizontal and vertical admi nistrative structures, which have grown over the time, following various political principles dating back to at least the 1950s and 1960s, with extremely varying ideologies and behaviours. Read More

Researching livelihoods and services affected by conflict Understanding rural markets in Afghanistan

This working paper draws on five case studies from the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium and its partners, and other primary and secondary evidence, to review current understanding of agricultural commodity and rural labour markets in Afghanistan, and explore the pervasive Read More

The Impacts of Water Sector Reforms on Agricultural Productivity in Afghanistan

In 2009, Afghanistan enacted its Water Law based on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) principles and aimed at making agriculture a more dynamic driver of the national economy. Though the sector has huge potential for contributing to sustainable development, its Read More