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A Mapping Study: Institutional Mechanisms to Tackle Trafficking in Persons in Afghanistan

This policy note summarizes the findings of a Mapping Study conducted by the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) and the Security Governance Group (SGG) in 2015 and 2016. It presents recommendations for the Afghan government as well as for the Read More

Urban Safety: A Review of the Afghanistan Urban Peacebuilding Program

The notion of urban safety is relatively new in policy environment, off and on-budget municipal programing and administrative rules and practices in Afghanistan. The rapid urbanization of the last 16 years has generated specific vulnerabilities, exclusions and insecurities. The urban Read More

DISEASE OR SYMPTOM? AFGHANISTAN’S BURGEONING OPIUM ECONOMY IN 2017

Regardless of the balance of costs and benefits, the opium economy is far from the “disease” at the heart of the story in Afghanistan, and must not be seen as the cause of the country’s problems. It is rather much Read More

Stakeholder perceptions of agriculture and nutrition policies and practice: A policy brief for Afghanistan

While there are multiple causes of malnutrition, undernutrition and lack of dietary diversity point to micronutrient deficiencies rather than generalised food insecurity. A crucial policy question is: what are the pathways and incentives needed to ensure that agriculture can have Read More

Understanding rural markets in Afghanistan

This briefing paper draws on findings from research on Afghan agricultural commodity markets and rural and urban labour markets. The studies explored how people navigate and negotiate their economic life. They were based on market system and value chain approaches Read More

Judicial Review in Afghanistan: A Flawed Practice

Afghanistan’s Constitution of 2004 embodies more mechanisms of checks and balances compared to its predecessors. Among others, it embraces judicial review, a key element of constitutionalism and rule of law, and an entrenched component of modern constitutions. Under the Constitution, Read More

Evolution of the Executive Branch in Afghanistan: A Look Back and Recommendations on the Way Forward

After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Afghan leaders gathered to build the framework for a new democratic government for Afghanistan. At the Bonn Conference, a plan was put in place to draft and adopt a new Constitution in Read More

Water Sector Reforms and Agricultural Productivity in Afghanistan

The implementation of the IWRM guided reforms agenda remained mostly on paper. It has not been completed in any of the river basins. The implementation has remained very slow and the agenda has been put into practice on a small Read More

Review of Functions in Government Agencies in Afghanistan

For the past 15 years, the Afghan government, along with its international counterparts and donors, has struggled with efforts of state building and commencing the process of development and rehabilitation. Certainly, a precondition for this included the establishment of a Read More

Urban Governance: An Assessment of the Urban Development Programme in Afghanistan

Afghanistan faces a wave, largely uncontrolled, of urban growth in the form of ‘informal’ settlements, without the most basic infrastructure, i.e., water supply, waste water and solid waste management and accessible schools and playgrounds, but also without suitable places of Read More