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Truly Unprecedented: How the Helmand Food Zone supported an increase in the province’s capacity to produce opium

The goal of the Helmand Food Zone (HFZ) was to bring about a rapid and significant reduction in opium poppy cultivation. It was funded directly by the UK and US governments to the tune of between US$12 and $18 million Read More

Stakeholder perceptions of agriculture and nutrition policies and practice: A policy brief for Afghanistan

While there are multiple causes of malnutrition, undernutrition and lack of dietary diversity point to micronutrient deficiencies rather than generalised food insecurity. A crucial policy question is: what are the pathways and incentives needed to ensure that agriculture can have Read More

Understanding Control and Influence: What Opium Poppy and Tax Reveal about the Writ of the Afghan State

There are a number of organisations that have sought to map government control in Afghanistan.1 However, given the frequency it is cited in the media and official reports, this paper offers a critique of the current way that North Atlantic Read More

Water Sector Reforms and Agricultural Productivity in Afghanistan

The implementation of the IWRM guided reforms agenda remained mostly on paper. It has not been completed in any of the river basins. The implementation has remained very slow and the agenda has been put into practice on a small Read More

The Impacts of Water Sector Reforms on Agricultural Productivity in Afghanistan

In 2009, Afghanistan enacted its Water Law based on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) principles and aimed at making agriculture a more dynamic driver of the national economy. Though the sector has huge potential for contributing to sustainable development, its Read More

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF) – Afghanistan

The Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF), developed by the World Bank in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organisation, International Fund for Agricultural Development, International Food Policy Research Institute, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN Habitat), the African Union, and Read More

Paradigms driving the water sector reform: a mismatch between Afghanistan and the West

This paper aims at identifying, analysing and discussing the common thread among the AREU research papers on water governance. In doing so, it engages in a reflection on the mismatch between the Water Management Paradigms imported in Afghanistan by the Read More

Life in the times of ‘late development’: Livelihood trajectories in Afghanistan, 2016-2002

Since 2002, over three rounds of study, the fortunes of a small panel of rural case households in diverse locations in Afghanistan have been tracked over time. The evidence that has been collected offers a unique, deep and longitudinal insight Read More

Livelihood trajectories in Afghanistan: Evidence from three villages in Herat Province

Poverty levels in Afghanistan have remained largely unchanged despite considerable international investment. This report examines the underlying reasons, drawing on a longitudinal study – ongoing since 2003 – of households in three villages in the Pashtun Zarghun district of Heart.

Time to Move on-Developing an Informed Development Response to Opium Poppy Cultivation in Afghanistan

After almost 15 years since the fall of the Taliban, the policy discussion on counternarcotics remains uncertain of which way to proceed. In large part, this is because policy discussion is shaped by a superficial or misguided understanding of opium Read More