STILL WATER RUNS DEEP: Illicit Poppy and the Transformation of the Deserts of Southwest Afghanistan

The physical and political geography of the deserts of southwest Afghanistan have gone through dramatic change over the last two decades. Located on the periphery of irrigated lands settled by the Afghan state in the 1950s and 1960s, this area Read More

AREU Condolence Message

AREU stands by the families of the journalists and all those who fell victim to the ferocious and barbaric attack on 30 April 2018 in Kabul and asks the Government of Afghanistan to announce a national day of mourning and Read More

No more standard programming: economic development in fragile settings

SLRC case studies on markets and economic life, along with parallel case studies on political settlements, find that the political and economic marketplaces in Afghanistan are deeply enmeshed, with powerful actors often playing key roles in both arenas. And although Read More

A Mapping Study: Institutional Mechanisms to Tackle Trafficking in Persons in Afghanistan

The international community, in partnership with the Afghan government, has devoted significant resources to combatting human trafficking in Afghanistan. This funding and attention has generated some significant gains, including the passing of new anti-trafficking legislation, the launch of awareness-raising campaigns, Read More

A Mapping Study: Institutional Mechanisms to Tackle Trafficking in Persons in Afghanistan

This policy note summarizes the findings of a Mapping Study conducted by the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) and the Security Governance Group (SGG) in 2015 and 2016. It presents recommendations for the Afghan government as well as for the Read More

Urban Safety: A Review of the Afghanistan Urban Peacebuilding Program

The notion of urban safety is relatively new in policy environment, off and on-budget municipal programing and administrative rules and practices in Afghanistan. The rapid urbanization of the last 16 years has generated specific vulnerabilities, exclusions and insecurities. The urban Read More

Typologies of nomad-settler conflict in Afghanistan

While conflict over boundaries and migration timetables is an old feature of nomad/farmer relations in Afghanistan, this on-going AREU project found that new types of conflict have emerged. Political parties, organisations and lobbies play a much greater role in Afghanistan Read More

The Assessment of EU Crisis Response in Afghanistan

The European Union with the Member States have been key donors for Afghanistan who have donated approximately EUR 8 billion for the period 2002-2010. With the collaboration of international partners, the EU took on a major role in the stabilisation Read More

DISEASE OR SYMPTOM? AFGHANISTAN’S BURGEONING OPIUM ECONOMY IN 2017

Regardless of the balance of costs and benefits, the opium economy is far from the “disease” at the heart of the story in Afghanistan, and must not be seen as the cause of the country’s problems. It is rather much Read More

Truly Unprecedented: How the Helmand Food Zone supported an increase in the province’s capacity to produce opium

The goal of the Helmand Food Zone (HFZ) was to bring about a rapid and significant reduction in opium poppy cultivation. It was funded directly by the UK and US governments to the tune of between US$12 and $18 million Read More