Understanding Control and Influence: What Opium Poppy and Tax Reveal about the Writ of the Afghan State

There are a number of organisations that have sought to map government control in Afghanistan.1 However, given the frequency it is cited in the media and official reports, this paper offers a critique of the current way that North Atlantic Read More

Judicial Review in Afghanistan: A Flawed Practice

Afghanistan’s Constitution of 2004 embodies more mechanisms of checks and balances compared to its predecessors. Among others, it embraces judicial review, a key element of constitutionalism and rule of law, and an entrenched component of modern constitutions. Under the Constitution, Read More

Evolution of the Executive Branch in Afghanistan: A Look Back and Recommendations on the Way Forward

After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Afghan leaders gathered to build the framework for a new democratic government for Afghanistan. At the Bonn Conference, a plan was put in place to draft and adopt a new Constitution in Read More

Judicial Review in Afghanistan: A Flawed Practice

Judicial review is the power of a court, or a similar institution, to review and decide on the constitutionality of laws and public acts. Though Marbury v. Madison marks the beginning of this practice in the US, the scope of Read More

Evolution of the Executive Branch in Afghanistan: A Look Back and Recommendations on the Way Forward

The findings of this paper show that legitimate change in the political system of Afghanistan will require an amended Constitution. The authority to amend the Constitution of Afghanistan has been given to the Loya Jirga in Article 111 of the Read More

AREU’s Message on Nancy H.Dupree’s Death

It is with great sadness that we must say that Afghanistan has lost a dedicated and generous friend. And we, in the nation’s research family, have lost a friend and a colleague. Nancy Hutch Dupree was a scholar, an anthropologist Read More

Review of Functions of Government Agencies in Afghanistan

The Government of Afghanistan is characterised by its extensive horizontal and vertical admi nistrative structures, which have grown over the time, following various political principles dating back to at least the 1950s and 1960s, with extremely varying ideologies and behaviours. Read More

Water Sector Reforms and Agricultural Productivity in Afghanistan

The implementation of the IWRM guided reforms agenda remained mostly on paper. It has not been completed in any of the river basins. The implementation has remained very slow and the agenda has been put into practice on a small Read More

Researching livelihoods and services affected by conflict Understanding rural markets in Afghanistan

This working paper draws on five case studies from the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium and its partners, and other primary and secondary evidence, to review current understanding of agricultural commodity and rural labour markets in Afghanistan, and explore the pervasive Read More

Review of Functions in Government Agencies in Afghanistan

For the past 15 years, the Afghan government, along with its international counterparts and donors, has struggled with efforts of state building and commencing the process of development and rehabilitation. Certainly, a precondition for this included the establishment of a Read More